Ancient Australia

Gondwanaland


Bunyips


Dinosaurs


The First Australians


Aboriginal Culture


The Dreamtime



Australian History: Aboriginal Culture

Aboriginal CultureAustralian Aboriginal culture is one of the oldest and longest surviving cultures, that has dated back to at least 40,000 years. Some say it may date back as far as 65,000 years ago.

 

 

Language

There has existed over 250 Aboriginal languages in Australia with many dialects spoken. It is a very diverse language! Recently a map showing the geographical region of each different language within Australia was created by David Horton and is based on language data gathered by Aboriginal Studies Press, AIATSIS and Auslig/Sinclair, Knight, Merz, (1996).

Aboriginal Language Map

The full interactive map can be found on: www.abc.net.au/indigenous/map

Below is a list of some of the Aboriginal languages:

Aboriginal English Jagera/Yuragubul Narrungga Warlpiri
Anjumarla Jaru Ndjébbana Wangkatha
Arabana Jingulu Ngadjon Wardaman
Arrernte Jiwarli Ngalakan Warlmanpa
Awabakal Kala Lagaw Ya Ngarrindjeri Warrungu
Ayapathu Kamilaroi/Gamilaraay Noongar Warumungu
Bardi Kaurna Ngiyampaa Wemba
Bunganditj Kayardild Nhirrpi Wiradjuri
Bunuba Koko-Bera Nyangumarta Yaegl
Dalabon Kriol, pidgins Paakantyi Yandrruwandha
Darug Kuku Yalanji Pakanh Yanyuwa
Dyirbal Kukatja Palawa Kani Yindjibarndi
Ganai/Kurnai Kutthung Pitjantjatjara Yolngu
Garawa Malyangapa Pitta Pitta Yorta Yorta
Gooniyandi Marriammu Tiwi Yugambeh
Gumbaynggir Martuthunira Tjapukai Yukulta
Gunggari Mawng Oykangand Yuwaalaraay
Gurindji Meriam Mir Wagiman
Guugu Yimithirr Murrinh-Patha Wambaya

 

Living with the land

The aborigines lives are distinctly related to the land and being one with the environment. The land is not just the physical rocks, trees, and rivers but rather the land is part of the people spiritually and must be used in harmony and sustainably. The land has its own stories of creation. They were semi-nomadic people living in large groups within their own territories, often referred to as ‘traditional lands’. These lands were defined by the surrounding environmental boundaries, such as rivers or mountains.