Australian History: Dinosaurs
In Australia there have not been many dinosaur bones found unlike other countries, although there have been a lot of rocks that come from the same age. The following is a list of dinosaur findings in Australia (more dinosaurs to be added!).
- Agrosaurus (Greek agros meaning 'field' and sauros meaning 'lizard') was once thought to be the first bones or fossils found at Cape York, Australia. However recent studies have concluded that in fact it was discovered elsewhere and therefore is not the first dinosaur discovered.
>> See References below, and
- The bones of the Rhoetosaurus was found at Durham Downs, north of Roma in Queensland in the 1920s, which formed half a complete skeleton of the dinosaur. The Rhoetosaurus was from the sauropod family and was about 12metres long, 4metres high, and had a long neck.
image courtesy of Dann Pigdon (http://home.alphalink.com.au/~dannj)
Longman, H.A. 1927 The giant dinosaur Rhoetosaurus brownei. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 9:1-18
- The partial skeleton of the Muttaburrasaurus was first found near the Thompson river close to the town of Muttaburra in Queensland, Australia, in 1963. The Muttaburrasaurus was a herbivore and thought to be up to 7 metres long. It had powerful jaws and sharp teeth to cut through the vegetation it ate.
- Australovenator was found on a cattle Station near Winton, Queensland, in 2006. The discovery included a partial skeleton including its teeth, partial forelimbs and hindlimbs, and rib fragments. It was a medium-sized allosauroid, about 2 metres tall at the hip and 6 metres long .
image of Australovenator (source: wikicommons)
- The bones of Minmi was found near the Minmi Crossing, near Roma, Queensland, Australia. It was a small armoured herbivore and had a long tail. On its armoured body were bony protrusions, probably to protect it from its predators.
image of Minmi (source: wikipedia)
Two thigh bones and some vertebrae (spinal bones) of the Timimus was found at Dinosaur Cove, Victoria. Timimus was a theropod and lived in the early Cretaceous period (about 100million years ago) and was thought to have been about 2.5m long
For more readings
- Hocknull, Scott A., M.A.White, M.A., T.R.Tischler, A.G.Cook, N.D.Calleja, T.Sloan & D.A.Elliott 2009. New mid-Cretaceous (latest Albian) dinosaurs from Winton, Queensland, Australia. PLoS ONE 4(7): e6190
- Long JA (1998). Dinosaurs of Australia and New Zealand and other animals of the Mesozoic Era. UNSW Press. ISBN 0-86840-448-9.
- Long, J.A. (1998). Dinosaurs of Australia and New Zealand and Other Animals of the Mesozoic Era, Harvard University Press, p. 108
- Norman, D. 1985. The Illustrated Encyclopaedia of Dinosaurs. Salamander Books Limited, London.
- M. J., Norell, M., McKenna, M. C. and Clark, J. 2004. Fossils of the Flaming Cliffs. Pp. 56-63 in Scientific American Special Edition: Dinosaurs and other monsters Vickers-Rich, P. Monaghan,
- Vickers-Rich, P. and Rich, T. 2004. Dinosaurs of the Antarctic. Pp. 40-47 in Scientific American Special Edition: Dinosaurs and other monsters.
- Vickers-Rich, P., Rich, T. H., Rich, L. S. and Rich, T. 1997. Australian Dinosaurs. Kangaroo Press, Sydney.